tMoA

~ The only Home on the Web You'll ever need ~


    recent archaeological discoveries

    Share
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 17, 2010 5:07 pm

    Wednesday, May 05, 2010
    The Mysterious 'Miami Circle'




    atlasobscura
    -
    Property developer Michael Bauman was in for a real surprise when
    he purchased a plot of land in downtown Miami in 1998. Bauman's plans
    for the land were seemingly simple: demolish a 1950-era apartment
    complex and build a luxury condominium in its place.

    During a
    routine archaeological survey of the site, however, hundreds of
    mysterious holes were discovered in a layer of Oolitic limestone bedrock
    and Bauman's development plans immediately came to a halt. Through
    further investigation, twenty-four of the largest holes comprised a
    perfect circle, 38 feet (12 m) in diameter, and excavation results found
    a variety of artifacts ranging from human teeth to ancient tools.

    Included
    in the artifacts were pieces of burnt wood which, after being tested
    for radiocarbon dating, are believed to be 1800-2000 years old. To date,
    Miami Circle is the only known evidence in the United States of a
    prehistoric structure built into bedrock. Evidence from this mysterious
    prehistoric "footprint" predates other known settlements along the East
    Coast.

    The site is believed to have once been occupied by the
    Tequesta Indians, a local tribe whose known tools matched some of the
    shark
    tooth-related artifacts found during excavation. Theorists have
    suggested that the holes were structural postholes or part of the
    foundation
    for a building. Some believe the building was used for ceremonial
    purposes, as animal bones and unused tools appeared to be
    offerings.

    Among
    these tools were two axe-heads made from basalt,a hard stone that is
    not indigenous to Florida. The finding of these
    tools contradicts
    the theory that the site was occupied by the Tequesta,however, as the
    volcanic rock is believed to have been from a location in Macon, Georgia
    - some 600 miles (970 km) away from the site.

    Themysterious
    origin of the site has led to its nickname as "America's Stonehenge",
    (though there are a number of sites nicknamed this) and
    some critics
    and conspiracy theorists have offered alternative theories.Aliens,
    Mayans and septic tanks are among some of the suggested origins or the
    holes.

    The State of Florida eventually purchased the land from
    Baumann after a series of high-profile disputes between NativeAmerican
    groups, contractors, and historic preservation committees. Miami Circle,
    otherwise known as Brickell Point or the Miami River
    Circle, was
    declared a National Historic Landmark in early 2009 and is currently
    under a 44-year lease agreement with the Historical Museum of Southern
    Florida. Visitors interested in the history of the Miami Circlecan view
    artifacts on display through the museum's permanent exhibition: "First
    Arrivals: The Archaeology of Southern Florida."
    _____________________

    'MIAMI
    CIRCLE' FACTS


    The Miami Circle was
    discovered in August/September, 1998, during routine archaeo-logical
    investigations conducted at the site of six low-rise, 1950-era apartment
    buildings (Brickell Point Apartments), which were razed to make way for
    construction of two high-rise apartment towers. Surveyor Ted Riggs
    uncovered an arc-like section and was convinced this would be a circle
    incised into the stone, underneath the three feet of overlying Earth.

    The
    Miami Circle is located within archaeological site 8DA1212, aka "Miami
    Midden #2" or "The Brickell Point Site." It is situated on a 2.2 +/-
    acre parcel that is located along the southern bank of the Miami River,
    where the River meets Biscayne Bay. The Miami Circle is characterized
    primarily by a series of 24 main basin "rectangles" which have been cut
    almost 2 feet deep into the site's oolitic limestone bedrock , 6 smaller
    ones, and hundredsof random "post holes." The 30 large and small
    "rectangular basins" form a ring geometry approximately 37 feet in
    diameter, with the approximately 500 smaller round holes scattered
    randomly across the
    entire circle's width, if not beyond.

    Considering
    the amount of modern construction (and demolition) that has taken place
    on top of the
    site, the Miami Circle is remarkably intact -- with
    approximately 85% ofit preserved. The Brickell Point property contains
    intact prehistoric
    midden deposits on at least 50% - 75% of the
    parcel. This material contains a tremendous quantity of well-preserved
    shell, bone, ceramics,
    and other artifacts deposited during several
    centuries of human occupation.

    The "mainstream" opinion says "the
    Tequesta Indians,a group of Southern Florida native Americans who
    inhabited the area
    from about 2000 years ago to after the Spanish
    arrived -- spanning roughly the same dates as the artifacts recovered
    from the Circle's
    "holes." A minority opinion (Riggs, Hoagland, et
    al) says MUCH older .. by a sophisticated people who lived here long
    before the Tequestas were in the area ... perhaps as much as 10,000 to
    13,000 years ago.

    Archaeological evidence suggests the Miami
    Circle marks the footprint [foundation] of a large, prehistoric
    structure, possibly the "foundations for a 'Coucil House,' or other
    ceremonial structure created by native Americans known
    as the
    Tequesta. The evidence also suggests that the Miami Circle had
    ceremonial importance to the Tequesta:

    * Cardinal points (i.e.
    North, South, East, and West) along the Miami Circle appear to have
    beenspecially denoted. In particular, an eye-shaped hole was cut into
    the bedrock at the Circle's eastern point. Its shape was unique among
    hundreds of holes uncovered at the site.

    * Two possible animal
    offerings, a complete sea turtle carapace and the articulated remains of
    a shark more than six feet in length, were found within the Circle's
    interior. Each was oriented east-west, a practice often associated
    withprehistoric human burials.

    * Several teeth belonging to an
    extinct species of seal were found within the Miami Circle. Spanish
    explorer's accounts indicate that the consumption of monk seals, or
    "seawolves," were reserved for the elite class.

    * Two
    finely-craftedstone axes were found found along the Miami Circle's
    eastern portion. One of these was recovered from within a posthole cut
    into the bedrock, and possibly represents an offering. Both axes were
    made of basalt, a volcanic rock that is not native toFlorida.

    The
    minority scientists say that the structure's puzzling ring-shaped array
    of 30 rectangular "basins" are more analogous to England's "Stonehenge"
    -- once serving as the "foundation slots" for a ring of 30 upright
    stones, which once stood in the currently surviving geometric bedrock
    basins "an archeo-astronomical "stonehenge-like device," for observing
    the solstices and equinoxes, as well as other astronomically-based
    ceremonial uses ..."

    At present, two radiocarbon date
    determinations have been completed. Charcoal samples collected from
    within one of the Miami Circle's cut basins and from the midden within
    the Miami Circle both dated to circa 100 A.D. Human occupation of the
    site may date to well over two thousands years ago.

    The Miami
    Circle archaeological site is regarded as being of local, regional, and
    statewide significance. The Miami Circle may also be of national
    significance, as it is believed to be the only cut-in-rock prehistoric
    structural footprint ever found in eastern North America. The site
    potentially qualifies for listing in the National Register of Historic
    Places. If we fail to preserve the Circle, a priceless , untouched
    example
    of a previously unsuspected sophistication in "archaic North American
    architecture," as well as important new clues as to the reasonsfor
    astronomically-based indigenous ceremonial centers will be lost.

    The Miami Circle, though architecturally unique (carved basins in the
    limestone bedrock), has at least one other potetially significant analog
    in North America: the ancient circle of wooden post holes -- called
    "Woodhenge 2" -- placed on the summit of a massive earthen "Indian
    Mound"
    known as "Cahokia," located across the river from St.Louis, Missouri.

    The
    Mayor of Miami-Dade County, the Honorable Alex Penelas, signed an
    "eminent domain decree" last February, setting in motion a legal process
    for County acquisition and preservation of the Miami River Circle site.
    An "eminent domain" trial is set to begin October 4th to decide the
    actual purchase price of the land. If the County cannot raise the
    necessary funds in time (the exact amount to be dermined by the jury),
    the land will then revert back to the developer:Michael Baumann.. The
    County needs massive financial help, as the current "save the circle"
    fund is far short of even what the developer originally paid for the
    land.

    The developer, Michael Bauman, originally paid slightly
    over 8 million dollars for the 2.2 acre site at the mouth of the Miami
    River. He is now claiming additional costs in architetural development,
    lost revenues due to the eminent domain proceeding, etc., totalling in
    excess of 50million dollars. Ultimately,based on evidence presented by
    the County and the developer at trial, a jury of twelve men and woman
    selected from the normal jury pool in the Miami area will decide what
    the Circle site is worth in today's market -- and award Mr.Baumann
    according compensation.

    Sources:
    www.miamicircle.org
    www.archaeology.org
    atlasobscura.com
    www.sptimes.com


    The
    Mysterious 'Miami Circle'
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 17, 2010 5:18 pm

    ‘Nazca Lines’ discovered in Kazakhstan






    The Kazakh lines show a strange figure crouching between two structures.
    Image by N. Dorogov

    2009 09 26
    By Michael Cohen | AllNewsWeb.com

    Media outlets as well as the official government website in Kazakhstan
    are reporting the surprise discovery of local geoglyphs or ‘Nazca
    Lines’.

    Geoglyphs are drawings created on the ground by arranging stones or
    removing the top layers of earth. These designs typically cover large
    areas.

    The most famous geoglyphs are those found in the Nazca desert in Peru.
    These show hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, fish, sharks, llamas, and
    lizards.
    The Kazakhstan Geoglyphs (photo above, thanks to photojournalist N.
    Dorogov) appear to depict a humanoid figure wedged between two unusual
    structures. The drawings are located in the remote Karatau Mountains in
    South Kazakhstan.

    Geoglyphs are of interest to UFO researchers, some of whom believe they
    might be messages or markers created by ancient people for the benefit
    of visiting extraterrestrials. It is alleged by these UFO scholars that
    in times of distress these were a way of asking ‘Star Gods’ to return
    and Assist these early societies, however this hypothesis has not been
    proven.

    It is expected that some scholars of extraterrestrial matters will claim
    that the being shown in the drawing might well depict an alien that
    once visited the area and interacted with the locals.

    Kazhakstan is an area of intense UFO sightings and activity. Recently
    the Kazakhstan Government toyed with the idea of creating a UFO landing
    field and an alien embassy.
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 17, 2010 5:30 pm

    Colossal statue of Thoth discovered at temple of Amenhotep III in
    Luxor

    By Ann Wuyts
    Monday, 17 May 2010

    The 3.5 metre tall red granite statue is one of several artefacts discovered in the area since excavations began. The head of a 2.5 metre high
    statue depicting Pharaoh Amenhotep III in a standing position – possibly the best preserved depiction of the pharaoh’s face found to date - was unearthed at the King's funeral temple at Kom El-Hettan only months ago. A statue of the
    god Thoth in the shape of a baboon was also discovered. Last year two black granite statues of Amenhotep III were found at the temple, as well as a5 metre high statue similar to the Thoth statue just found.

    Amenhotep III ruled Egypt between 1390 BC and 1352 BC, and recent DNA and forensic research suggests that he was probably the grandfather of Tutankhamun. His temple was built closer to the river than any other temple at Thebes - right on the edge of the floodplain – and within 200 yearsit had collapsed. Many of its stones were subsequently removed for the building projects of later pharaohs.

    The famous Colossi of Memnon, two 18-metre-high stone statues of Amenhotep III, are all that remains of the pharaoh's mortuary temple,once the largest religious complex in ancient Egypt.

    In a statement, Secretary General of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) Dr Zahi Hawass said that evidence found during the excavation suggests that more colossi could yet be found at the site. Afifi Rohayem, assistant director of the excavations, suggests that an avenue of Thoth statues could be found on the original path leading to Amenhotep III's funerary temple.

    Since 1998, the mortuary temple of Amenhotep III has been on the World Monument Fund's list of the planet's 100 most endangered monuments. Extensive excavation and restoration works at the temple site are taking place.

    “I believe that in less than 20 years we will have achieved our objectives here,” Dr Hourig Sourouzian, head of the conservation project, said in a video interview with Heritage Key. The final stage of the works at Amenhotep III's mortuary temple will be the creation of an open-air museum.
    Video:
    Dr Hourig Sourouzian reveals the mortuary temple of Amenhotep III

    ColossalHead from Statue of King Tut's Granddad Found at Amenhotep III
    Funerary
    Temple Site

    LostWorld of Old Europe to be found at Oxfor

    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/archaeology
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    Significant Archaeological Discovery of Yangshao Culture

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 17, 2010 5:34 pm

    Recent excavation of a neolithic tomb reveals significant
    archaeological evidence of the Yangshao / Huaxia culture. Especially in
    the totem of Dragon and Tiger. The same totemic symbol found in Zhou
    dynasty royal tomb, Zeng Hou'yi tomb (曾侯乙墓). This may offer new clue to
    the origin of dragon symbol, besides pushing back the known history of
    dragon figure back 7000 years, it gives possible new interpretation of
    the astronomy in neolithic period.

    [nature_science] Significant
    Archaeological Discovery of Yangshao Culture
    <object width="640" height="505"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/K43syKsRkBE&hl=en_GB&fs=1&color1=0x402061&color2=0x9461ca"></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/K43syKsRkBE&hl=en_GB&fs=1&color1=0x402061&color2=0x9461ca" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="640" height="505"></embed></object>
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 17, 2010 5:38 pm

    Coast to Coast AM - 01 Mar 2010 - Forbidden Archaeology &
    Devolution part 1/11


    Dissident intellectual Michael Cremo discussed his continuing work
    in forbidden archaeology - artifacts and discoveries that don't fit
    into the conventional timelines and theories in academic and

    scientific communities. He also spoke about his theory of 'Human
    Devolution,' and his study of Vedic scriptures. We are currently in the
    Vedic cosmological cycle called Kali-yuga, which
    incorporates both
    catastrophes, as well as enlightenment, he noted.

    Ancient
    Sanskrit material refers to humans existing for millions of years, and
    this led Cremo to seek out physical evidence to support the idea of
    extreme human antiquity. Among the evidence he
    found were metallic
    grooved spheres uncovered in South African mines, that seemed to be
    manmade, yet were in strata that dated them back some two billion years.
    Cremo speculated that the spheres
    might have been game pieces from
    that era. He also cited a case in Oklahoma from the 1920s when miners
    went down about two miles and found a solid polished wall-- the depth
    suggested the wall was
    made some 200 million years ago, he said.

    Explaining
    his theory of devolution, he said "we don't evolve up from matter, as
    scientists today now believe, but rather we devolve or come down from a
    position of pure consciousness." However,
    he thinks this process can
    be reversed, and that is, in fact, the real purpose of human
    existence-- to get past material distractions and restore one's
    consciousness to its original pure state.

    <object width="640" height="505"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/VnPvVqU0DXU&hl=en_GB&fs=1&color1=0x402061&color2=0x9461ca"></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/VnPvVqU0DXU&hl=en_GB&fs=1&color1=0x402061&color2=0x9461ca" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="640" height="505"></embed></object>
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 17, 2010 5:42 pm

    King Solomon's Wall Found—Proof of Bible Tale?

    A 3,000-year-old defensive wall might be unprecedented archaeological support for a Bible passage on King Solomon.


    Pictured on February 22, a newly excavated Jerusalem site includes a wall claimed to have been built by the biblical King Solomon.
    Photograph by Menahem Kahana, AFP, Getty Images

    Mati Milstein in Tel Aviv, Israel for National Geographic News
    Published February 26, 2010

    A 3,000-year-old defensive wall possiblybuilt by King Solomon has been unearthed in Jerusalem,according to the Israeli
    archaeologist who led the excavation. The discovery appears to validate a Bible passage, she says.

    The tenth-century B.C. wall is 230 feet (70 meters) long and about 6 meters (20 feet) tall. It stands along what was then the edge of
    Jerusalem—between the Temple Mount, still Jerusalem's paramount landmark, and the ancient City of David, today a modern-day Arab
    neighborhood called Silwan.

    The stone barrier is part of a defensive complex that includes a gatehouse, an adjacent building, and a guard tower, which has been only partially excavated, according to Eilat Mazar, who led the dig for the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Over the years, the structures have been partially demolished—their building materials scavenged for later structures—and what remained was buried under rubble, Mazar said.

    The Bible's First Book of Kings—widely believed to have been written centuries after the time period in question—says Solomon, king of Israel, built a defensive wall in Jerusalem. The new discovery is the first archaeological evidence of this structure, Mazar says.(Related: "KingSolomon's Mines Rediscovered?")

    Bearing Out a Bible Passage?

    Ancient artifacts found in and around the complex pointed Mazar to the tenth-century B.C.date.
    "We don't have many kings during the tenth century that could have built such a structure, basically just David and Solomon," she said.
    According to the Bible, King David, of David-and-Goliath fame, was the father of King Solomon, who is said to have built the First Temple of Jerusalem on the Temple Mount.Ceramics found near the wall helped narrow the date down, being of a level of sophistication common
    to the second half of the tenth century B.C.—King Solomon's time, according to Mazar.

    Three-foot-tall (one-meter-tall) earthenware storage vessels were found near the gatehouse, one of them with a Hebrew inscription indicating the container belonged to a high-ranking government official. Figurines typical of tenth-century B.C. Jerusalem—including four-legged animals and large-breasted women likely symbolizing fertility—were also uncovered, as were jar handles bearing
    impressions reading "to the king" and various Hebrew names, she said.

    The artifacts may hint at the area's street life in biblical times. Here ancient Jerusalemites would have gathered around the wall's city gate to trade, settle disputes via street-side judges, engage in ritual practices, and stock up on water and supplies for treksout of the city, Mazar said.(Also see "Solomon'sTemple Artifacts Found by Muslim Workers.")

    HowReliable Is the Bible?

    Tel Aviv Universityarchaeologist Israel Finkelstein, who was not involved in the excavation, agrees that it's possible King Solomon constructed the wall.But Finkelstein cautioned against leaning too heavily on the Bible to Interpret the findings. (Related travel blog post: "In
    Israel, the Bible Is our GPS."
    )
    Familiaritywith religious or historic texts connected to any given site is important, he said, but their usefulness can vary."It depends upon the text. Each has its own characteristics, each needs to be approached differently," he said. "There is the question as to when it was written—300 years after, or at the time of the events? What are its goals and its ideology? Why was it written?"For her part, Mazar believes it's natural for archaeologists excavating in the Holy Land to consult with biblical texts along with other ancient documents."I don't believe there is an archaeologist who would excavate a site upon which texts have been written without being familiar with those texts," she said.

    http://news.nationalgeographic.com
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 17, 2010 5:59 pm













    Mask of the Mummy

    Photograph courtesy John Stafford, Stanford Schoolof Medicine

    • There's a real crocodile behind that mask,
      according to new computed tomography (CT) scans of a 2,000-year-old Egyptian
      mummy (pictured). The 8-foot-long (2.4-meter-long) artifact—wrapped in
      once colorful linen and outfitted with a stylized mask—is one of two
      crocodile mummy bundles scanned this month at the Stanford School of Medicine in
      California.
      Scans of the bundle above show a "mishmash
      of bony parts" from at least two Nile
      crocodiles
      , including two skulls, a shoulder bone, and possibly a
      femur, according to conservator Allison Lewis, a fellow at the Phoebe A. Hearst
      Museum of Anthropology
      in Berkeley, California, where the mummies
      are kept.Their origins unknown, the mummy bundles were purchased
      by philanthropist Phoebe Hearst in Egypt at the turn of the 20th
      century. The artifacts were recently restored and studied before going
      on display this week in the museum's new exhibition, "Conservator's
      Art: Preserving Egypt's Past."
      Mummifying animals was a
      common practice among ancient Egyptians, who embalmed thousands of
      crocodiles and buried them in mass graves as offerings to the crocodile
      god Sobek, according to the museum. (See "Mummy
      Birds Recovered From Egypt Factory."
      )—Christine
      Dell'Amore


      Published April 30, 2010
    http://news.nationalgeographic.com/
    avatar
    mudra

    Posts : 18429
    Join date : 2010-04-09
    Age : 62
    Location : belgium

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  mudra on Mon May 17, 2010 6:03 pm

    Thank you for opening this thread Spiritwarrior cheers



    Archaeologists Claim They've Found Lost City Of Atlantis

    http://www.heralddeparis.com/previously-undiscovered-ancient-city-found-on-caribbean-sea-floor/65855





    WASHINGTON, DC (Herald de Paris) - EXCLUSIVE - Researchers have revealed the first images from the Caribbean sea floor of what they believe are the archaeological remains of an ancient civilization. Guarding the location’s coordinates carefully, the project’s leader, who wishes to remain anonymous at this time, says the city could be thousands of years old; possibly even pre-dating the ancient Egyptian pyramids, at Giza.
    The site was found using advanced satellite imagery, and is not in any way associated with the alleged site found by Russian explorers near Cuba in 2001, at a depth of 2300 feet. “To be seen on satellite, our site is much shallower.” The team is currently seeking funding to mount an expedition to confirm and explore what appears to be a vast underwater city. “You have to be careful working with satellite images in such a location,” the project’s principle researcher said, “The digital matrix sometimes misinterprets its data, and shows ruins as solid masses. The thing is, we’ve found structure – what appears to be a tall, narrow pyramid; large platform structures with small buildings on them; we’ve even found standing parallel post and beam construction in the rubble of what appears to be a fallen building. You can’t have post and beam without human involvement.”
    Asked if this city is the legendary city of Atlantis, the researchers immediately said no. “The romanticized ideal of Atlantis probably never existed, nor will anyone ever strap on a SCUBA tank, jump in the water, and find a city gateway that says, ‘Welcome to Atlantis.’ However, we do believe that this city may have been one of many cities of an advanced, seafaring, trade-based civilization, which may have been visited by their Eurocentric counterparts.”
    It is unknown at this time how the city came to be on the sea floor, and not on dry land. “We have several theories.”
    The team hopes to conduct a massive mapping and research expedition, to learn as much as possible about who these people were, before turning the site over to the Caribbean island’s home government. “Whatever we’ve found does not belong to us,” the project’s leader said, “It belongs to the people of this island, and to the world at-large. If any pieces are brought to the surface, they belong in the hands of a museum.”


    Love Always
    mudra
    avatar
    Tatiana

    Posts : 10
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  Tatiana on Mon May 24, 2010 8:24 am

    Very interesting thread - right up my alley, thank you! I have a couple of links to add for your enjoyment.



    See more on this site:

    http://www.satellitediscoveries.com/discoveries/line_network/main.html

    If you click the upper left (where it says 'Discovery projects) there are more interesting anomalies linked. Also, if you have Google Earth you can follow these links on this page:

    http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/ubbthreads.php?ubb=showthreaded&Number=241620

    Each of them has a down-loadable link which automatically leads to a bookmarked anomalous site on Google Earth. Also, some day when you have a little time on your hand with nothing to do, go down along the coast of Chile and explore by going inland and back to the coast until you get way down to the southernmost tip of South America. You will discover all kinds of visible markings on hillsides and in the deserts (both ancient and more recent, lol). You might want to start with the Nasca Lines to begin with. Also there is all kinds of interesting things to discover in the deserts of California and Nevada - just do a low fly over and you will discover much of interest.

    Enjoy!
    avatar
    mudra

    Posts : 18429
    Join date : 2010-04-09
    Age : 62
    Location : belgium

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  mudra on Tue May 25, 2010 10:14 am



    Love Always
    mudra
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 31, 2010 10:48 am

    Orcadian
    stones

    Though
    the Orkneys
    are on the northern frontiers in Europe, they
    nevertheless form
    an integral part of the European megalithic civilisation

    and are on par with monuments in the heartland of that
    civilisation.
    What was it that made the Orkneys exceptional?

    Philip
    Coppens



    The
    Orkney Islands sit on the northern tip of the British
    mainland.
    It is rumoured that one inhabitant once wrote “Bergen,
    Norway”
    as his nearest train station, rather than Edinburgh –
    let
    alone London as the nearest capital. The islands seem
    remote and
    yet they are the centre of a megalithic community whose
    traces
    remain clearly distinguishable in the landscape.
    The Ring of Brodgar, one of the highlights of any visit
    to the
    islands, has an area of 90,790 square feet (8,435 m2)

    and thus ranks third in size after the Outer Circle at
    Avebury
    and the Great Circle at Stanton Drew, in what many
    consider to
    be the true heart of the Megalithic World, the coastal
    areas of
    south-western England and French Brittany. Though
    Europe’s
    western facing Atlantic coasts, from Orkney down to
    Morocco, are
    known to have communicated throughout Megalithic times
    and are
    considered to be “one”, the question remains why this
    civilisation stretched so far north. Or to rephrase the
    problem:
    it is not odd to find megalithic monuments in the
    Orkneys, but
    why are they so monumental – on par with monuments found

    in the heartland of this civilisation? For some, it has
    lead to
    theories that suggest that the Orkneys were a staging
    post for
    ancient sea routes to the Americas – in Megalithic times

    – which is not that farfetched as the islands were
    indeed
    such posts in post-Columbian days. Today, it is known
    that this
    megalithic civilisation, from at least 3000 BC onwards,
    used the
    boat as the main means of transport and communication.
    Though
    it is thus possible that Atlantic crossings occurred,
    what is
    missing so far is proof that they did.


    Why
    the Orkneys? What are the Orkneys? The name has been
    traced to
    the Picts, where the name is believed to come from Insi
    Orc, the
    islands of the tribe of the wild boar. This may be a
    clue –
    then again, it may not be.
    What is known, is that the islands lacked timber, which
    meant
    that the houses were made in stone. Hence, settlements
    such as
    Skara Brae have survived across the millennia and
    provide us with
    a unique insight in the life of the megalithic builders
    in 3000
    BC. But precisely because they had to build in stone, it
    should
    not be taken for granted that their lifestyle reflected
    that of
    communities elsewhere in Europe. Though Skara Brae is
    the most
    popular, the earliest house site was at Knap of Howar in
    Papa
    Westray. Skara Brae itself was inhabited from around
    3100 to 2500
    BC, an impressive 600 years. It now sits on the edge of
    the beach,
    but in olden days, would have been more inland and thus
    offered
    more protection from the elements that so often do not
    look benign
    on the Orkneys – the god of wind being the one that toys

    most with the islanders. The stone structure must have
    offered
    some protection, even though the weather in 3000 BC is
    believed
    to have been a few degrees warmer.

    The rooms of the Skara Brae houses contained cupboards
    and storage
    spaces, large dressers, seats and even box beds made
    from split
    stone. As the houses were interconnected, it was
    suggested that
    the people had a communal way of life – which is largely

    typical of island communities. In winter, when life is
    played
    out more indoors then outdoors, it must also have meant
    that the
    families were not tortured by the elements to meet each
    other
    – or keep the homes warm – a more difficult task than
    elsewhere because of the absence of wood.
    For everything else, the Orkneys were a wonderful place
    to live:
    the community fished, collected shellfish, oysters,
    etc., as well
    as grow barley and wheat, and had domesticated cattle,
    such as
    pigs, sheep and goats. Bone dice and jewellery were
    found as well,
    suggesting life was not all work, but also play.


    The
    finds at Skara Brae are so remarkable that some believe
    it is
    too good to be true. Did average Joe Bloggs really live
    like that?
    Some observers have therefore wondered whether these
    houses were
    perhaps not intended for the gods – not physical beings,

    but spiritual presences, very much like “ghosts”,
    residing there. Along a similar vein, Euan MacKie
    suggested that
    Skara Brae was no peasant village, but a “palatial
    structure”
    housing wise men engaged in astronomical and magical
    work –
    a college of priest. Though these theories have found a
    willing
    ear in some corners, the archaeological evidence on the
    ground
    does not correspond with these conclusions. Of course,
    it does
    not exclude the likelihood that amongst the people in
    Skara Brae
    some were indeed priests.
    The reason why some believe Skara Brae is a priestly
    compound
    is because they are relatively close to the megalithic
    monuments.
    Though the Orkneys are by no means vast, the actual
    concentration
    of megaliths is in an even smaller area – a neck of land

    between the lochs of Harray and Stenness. Here sits the
    Ring of
    Brodgar, the Ring of Stenness that is a mile south-east,
    and the
    less well-known Ring of Bookan, the same distance north
    west.
    The conical mound of Maes Howe is 1 ½ miles to the ESE.

    It suggests that this small area was somehow religiously
    important
    to the community, and no doubt it has something to do
    with the
    lay of the land and their mythology. Despite the
    composition of
    the three rings somewhat resembling Orion’s Belt, it may

    be more likely that the site was special because of the
    manner
    in which it played with the surrounding landscape on key
    calendar
    days – something we will return to later.


    First,
    a deeper look into the rings themselves is required. In
    1694,
    James Garden wrote to the famous “archaeologist” John
    Aubrey about “two rounds set about with high smooth
    stones
    or flags about twenty foot above ground, 6 foot broad
    and a foot
    or two thick, and ditched about: whereof the largest
    [Brodgar]
    is 110 paces diameter, and reputed to be high places of
    worship
    and sacrifice in Pagan times… the ancient Temples of the

    Gods.” Though Garden could probably have never fathomed
    it, it is believed to date from 2700 BC. Of this Ring of
    Brodgar,
    only 29 of an original sixty stones remain, with a small
    stone
    in the middle. As to a “Temple of the Gods”, Dr Robert
    Henry in the 18th century stated that the stones were
    known as
    the Temple of the Sun, and Stenness was known as the
    Temple of
    the Moon.
    In the late 20th century, Alexander Thom believed that
    the circle
    was laid out using the megalithic yard (0.829 metres),
    with Brodgar
    having a diameter of 125 megalithic yards. If true, it
    underlines
    that the builders of these structures were indeed part
    of the
    larger Megalithic Culture – which no-one really doubts
    to
    begin with. Intriguingly, Thom also said that the
    structure was
    perfect for observations of the sun and the moon, thus
    underlining
    the old name chosen for the ring – Temple of the Sun.
    To quote another famous 20th century archaeologist,
    Aubrey Burl:
    “Brodgar could comfortably have accommodated 3000 men,
    women
    and children. Even if this number is halved to allow
    space for
    the ceremonies, this still permits an assembly of 1500.
    This is
    not unlikely. With known settlements such as Skara Brae
    only five
    miles away, with Rinyo village on Rousay, the Knap of
    Howar homesteads
    on Papa Westray, with the cluster of houses at Barnhouse
    hardly
    a mile to the south-east of Brodgar, and with other
    hamlets and
    farms as yet undiscovered, a population of two or three
    thousand
    on Orkney and its outlying islands is not an
    improbability.”
    Burl thus concluded that the ring was used as “a
    church”,
    where the community convened to partake in religious
    ceremonies.
    Where did this leave the other rings?


    The
    Ring of Stenness is less known, if only because only
    four massive
    standing stones remain, even though the tallest is an
    impressive
    five metres tall. In Britain, only Stonehenge exceeds
    their height.
    Built between 3100 and 2700 BC, the ring originally
    consisted
    out of twelve stones. At the centre of the ring was a
    large hearth
    (very similar to those at Skara Brae) with a post hole
    beside
    it. Some believe that it may have held some form of
    totem pole.

    The third ring, the Ring of Bookan, is even less known
    than Stenness.
    Though it is also a massive earthwork made up of an
    enclosing
    ditch surrounding an oval raised platform, measuring
    about 44.5
    metres by 38 metres (almost identical to that of the
    Stones of
    Stenness), it lacks an entrance causeway and outer bank,
    present
    in its two neighbours. Within the ditch are a number of
    stones
    and a rough mound. It has been suggested that this is
    the remains
    of a cairn, but this remains speculation and others
    argue for
    the presence of a platform.


    We
    should not concentrate just on the rings. There are
    intriguing
    standing stones nearby, such as Barnhouse Stone. The
    most intriguing
    stone, the Stone of Odin, was holed, but destroyed in
    1814. It
    was known as the Stone of Sacrifice and was used by
    young couples
    who plight their troth by clasping hands through the
    stone.
    Most interesting of all is the Watchstone, a stone giant
    at the
    southern end of the neck of land between the two lochs.
    Like a
    number of other solitary standing stones in Orkney,
    local tradition
    has it that the Watchstone dips its “head” to drink
    from the loch at midnight on New Year’s Eve. Just over
    5.6
    metres high (around 19 feet), the Watchstone was
    originally one
    of a pair of standing stones, outliers to the main Ring
    of Stenness,
    that perhaps marked the approach to the entrance to the
    Ness o’
    Brodgar.
    We know there are two, as in 1930, the stump of the
    Watchstone’s
    companion was unearthed in the bank by the side of the
    road. The
    stump was 1.45 metres (4 ft. 9 in) wide, 12.7cm (5 in)
    thick,
    and at least 90 cm (3 ft) high. It was aligned exactly
    north-east
    and south-west, at an obtuse angle to the Watchstone.
    This led
    to the theory that the two stones were the remnants of a
    south-eastern
    section of a large stone circle, the rest of which has
    disappeared.

    However, it is more likely that the two massive
    megaliths were
    once part of a stone-flanked ceremonial route between
    the Brodgar
    and Stenness complexes. The other stones, such as the
    Odin and
    the Comet Stone, were also believed to be part of this
    processional
    way. The possibility of a ceremonial route connecting
    the two
    rings is intriguing, but a series of geophysics surveys
    carried
    out across the Ness o’ Brodgar have found no evidence of

    any such stone avenue. Therefore, it is now believed
    that the
    twin stones may have represented a symbolic “gate”
    between the two stone circles. Similar “gates” have
    been found in the Lake District, in
    Kirksanton (the Giant’s Grave).


    The
    rings, it is now accepted, have astronomical alignments,
    to the
    sun and the moon. The two wide causeways of the rings
    are aligned
    with the rising of the sun on the summer solstice, and
    the setting
    of the sun on the winter solstice, underlining the
    astronomical
    connection. But that is not all.


    The
    Watchstone



    A local man, Charles Tait, has highlighted an
    interesting connection
    to the Watchstone and the midwinter solstice. At this
    time, the
    sun sets in its most southerly position. From the
    Watchstone,
    viewing the winter solstice sunset, the sun disappears
    behind
    Ward Hill on Hoy for a few minutes. But that is not all:
    it then
    becomes visible again, as if “reborn”, at the bottom
    of the hill’s northern slope, before finally setting for

    the night. On the midwinter solstice, from the
    Watchstone, we
    can thus witness a double sunset. As the date marked the
    death
    and revival of the sun king – the shortest day of the
    year,
    which in these northern latitudes is very short – such
    “rebirth”,
    his victory over death, must have been an impressive
    visual display,
    which may have been one of the primary reasons why the
    site was
    selected for religious worship: the myths were imprinted
    on the
    landscape.
    But though primary, it is not the sole reason. A few
    days after
    the solstice, the sun sets behind Ward Hill, but this
    time reappears
    in a horizon “notch” formed by the island’s
    hills. This phenomenon prompted the idea that the stone
    was perhaps
    a marker for watching the sun’s progress as it sets
    further
    and further south – hence its name “Watchstone”?
    The various marker points afforded by the Hoy hills
    would allow
    the watcher to gage the approach of the solstice – thus
    making sure that the main event itself would not be
    missed.


    Another
    important reason why this neck of land was chosen can be
    found
    in the nature of the lochs: there is the salt water Loch
    of Stenness
    and the fresh water Harray Loch. The neck of land thus
    keeps the
    salt and fresh water apart. Little is known of
    megalithic mythology,
    but it is my firm conviction that much of the creational
    mythology
    is common to mankind across the world – and thus dating
    back to our earliest ancestors, before their migration
    began.
    In many creation myths, as reported in Giorgio De
    Santillana and
    Hertha Von Dechend’s Hamlet’s Mill, specific emphasis
    is placed on the separation of salt from fresh water,
    symbolising
    chaos and order respectively. Where salt and fresh water
    met,
    religious centres came about that formed part of a
    ceremonial
    landscape (for discussion of this symbolism, see
    Hamlet’s
    Mill, but specifically my own The Canopus Revelation).

    The same seems to apply to the Orkneys, and the
    connection with
    the creator god, visualised by the sun god, is equally
    present.


    These
    creation myths also speak of a land of the first time,
    an island,
    in the form of a conical hill. And the ceremonial
    landscape of
    the Orkneys has just the thing: Maes Howe. The conical
    mound of
    Maes Howe was broken into by Norsemen and Viking
    crusaders in
    the mid 12th century. Afterwards, the chamber top
    collapsed, filling
    the main chamber wit hearth and stones. When the Rings
    began to
    become appreciated, the mound was lagging behind in
    receiving
    its due attention. It was not inspected until 1852, when
    it was
    referred to as M’eshoo or Meashowe. It was broken into
    in
    1861 by J. Farrer, who has been described as “an
    assiduous
    if by present standards unscientific digger of mounds”.
    What they found was a seven metres high hill, containing
    a chamber.
    No mortar was used, yet the stones fit so well together
    that a
    knife cannot be inserted between them.
    Today, it is believed to have been built in ca. 3000 BC
    from local
    sandstone, with some of the slabs weighing up to thirty
    tonnes.
    It makes the construction older and more impressive than
    the nearby
    rings. There is a nine metres long inner passage that
    gently slopes
    up to the chamber, which is about 4.6 metres square.
    Like the
    rings, the mound incorporates astronomical knowledge, as
    the passage
    points roughly to the midwinter sunset. The winter sun
    strikes
    the back wall of the chamber near the shortest day of
    the year,
    though the sun shines directly into the chamber for
    forty days
    on either side of the solstice. As such, Maes Howe is
    often labelled
    as one of the finest examples of prehistoric
    architecture –
    yet in remains a second-rank citizen in Orkney’s
    megalithic
    list of fame.


    Placing
    Maes Howe in its surrounding landscape, we find that it
    predates
    the rings, but postdates – by about a century – the
    construction of Skara Brae. This is, of course, logical:
    people
    would first need a space to live, before beginning the
    construction
    of a conical mound, followed by the construction of the
    rings.
    As the conical mound, in my opinion, is an expression of
    the “mound
    of creation”, it would seem logical to construct this
    first.

    Like the rings and standing stones, Maes Howe is
    incorporated
    into the ceremonial landscape. As early as 1894, a local
    schoolmaster,
    Magnus Spence, found that the passageway of Maes Howe
    was not
    only “roughly” orientated to the winter sunset, but
    also aligned with a standing stone at Barnhouse. This
    stone, together
    with the Watchstone, and the centre of the stone circle
    of the
    Ring of Brodgar, were aligned to the axis of the setting
    sun on
    the winter solstice. It is definitive proof that we
    should not
    look towards each structure in isolation, but see the
    entire area
    as one religious centre. Spence eventually found other
    alignments
    and argued that the annual movement of the sun was
    encoded in
    the landscape; the stones tracked the movement of the
    sun –
    and creator – god.


    There
    are clear parallels between the Orkneys and the
    megalithic concentration
    in the area of Wiltshire, where we find the two major
    circles
    of Avebury and Stonehenge relatively closely together.
    There is
    a further parallel, between Silbury Hill and Maes Howe –

    though the parallel is in its appearance, namely that of
    a conical
    mound in an otherwise relatively flat landscape and –
    again
    in my opinion – in its symbol as a representation of the

    mound of creation.
    This is not the only connection. As early as forty years
    ago,
    a link between the two areas was suspected, because both
    contained
    a type of pottery known as “Grooved Ware”, found in
    both sites – and for some time believed to be found only

    in those two sites. Though since found elsewhere in and
    near Neolithic
    monuments, it remains a fact that the largest
    concentration of
    this pottery is located in two widely separated areas,
    in the
    far north and northwest of Scotland on the one hand and
    in southern
    England and East Anglia on the other – each of which had

    the Orkneys and Wiltshire respectively as its inner
    core.


    Though
    the Orkney and Wiltshire were constructed in roughly the
    same
    era, they did not share the same fate. The Wiltshire
    landscape
    continued to be added to for much longer, whereas in the
    Orkneys,
    “shortly” after the completion of Stenness in ca.
    2700 BC, by ca .2600 BC Skara Brae was abandoned – and
    any
    new additions to the ceremonial landscape stopped. After
    building
    for 400 years, it was only used for a century. Why? No
    clear answers
    are given, and archaeologists call in “possible climate
    changes”, but no clear evidence is at present available.

    These people came here to build – on an island in the
    far
    north – a visual representation of the “Island of
    Creation”… but almost as soon as it was created, they
    abandoned it. Perhaps they were more interested in
    origins, rather
    than destiny.
    avatar
    Carol
    Admin
    Admin

    Posts : 21727
    Join date : 2010-04-07
    Location : Hawaii

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  Carol on Mon May 31, 2010 11:21 am

    spiritwarrior, thank you so much for posting this info as I love this type of research and discovery. Mahalo nui loa friend.


    _________________
    What is life?
    It is the flash of a firefly in the night, the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset.

    With deepest respect ~ Aloha & Mahalo, Carol
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 31, 2010 11:35 am

    mudra, am really fasinated with adams calender, ta for posting the video. i could listen to klaus donna and michael tellinger all day.
    Lost City Of
    Atlantis is fasinating , they can hardly say that this unerwater city is "natural" lol

    Tatiana thank you so much for the links.

    carol, thanks,
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 31, 2010 11:39 am

    Divers Explore Sunken Ruins Of Cleopatra's Palace


    Associated Press Underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio of France shows a recently excavated bronze cult statue found in the Temple of Isis.
    ALEXANDRIA, Egypt May 25,
    2010, 02:01 pm ET

    Plunging into the waters off Alexandria Tuesday,
    divers explored the submerged ruins of a palace and temple complex from
    which Cleopatra ruled, swimming over heaps of limestone blocks hammered
    into the sea by earthquakes and tsunamis more than 1,600 years ago.

    The international team is painstakingly
    excavating one of the richest underwater archaeological sites in the
    world and retrieving stunning artifacts from the last dynasty to rule
    over ancient Egypt before the Roman Empire annexed it in 30 B.C.

    Using advanced technology, the team is surveying
    ancient Alexandria's Royal Quarters, encased deep below the harbor
    sediment, and confirming the accuracy of descriptions of the city left
    by Greek geographers and historians more than 2,000 years ago.

    Since the early 1990s, the topographical surveys
    have allowed the team, led by French underwater archaeologist Franck
    Goddio, to conquer the harbor's extremely poor visibility and excavate
    below the seabed. They are discovering everything from coins and
    everyday objects to colossal granite statues of Egypt's rulers and
    sunken temples dedicated to their gods.



    Enlarge
    Associated
    Press The team
    painstakingly excavated one of the richest underwater archaeological
    sites in the world and retrieved artifacts from the last dynasty to rule
    over ancient Egypt before the Roman Empire annexed it in 30 B.C.








    The team painstakingly excavated one of the richest underwater archaeological
    sites in the world and retrieved artifacts from the last dynasty to rule
    over ancient Egypt before the Roman Empire annexed it in 30 B.C.

    "It's a unique site in the world," said Goddio,
    who has spent two decades searching for shipwrecks and lost cities below
    the seas.

    The finds from along the Egyptian coast will go
    on display at Philadelphia's Franklin Institute from June 5 to Jan. 2 in
    an exhibition titled "Cleopatra: The Search for the Last Queen of
    Egypt." The exhibition will tour several other North American cities.

    Many archaeological sites have been destroyed by
    man, with statues cut or smashed to pieces. Alexandria's Royal Quarters
    — ports, a cape and islands full of temples, palaces and military
    outposts — simply slid into the sea after cataclysmic earthquakes in the
    fourth and eighth centuries. Goddio's team found it in 1996. Many of
    its treasures are completely intact, wrapped in sediment protecting them
    from the saltwater.

    "It's as it was when it sank," said Ashraf
    Abdel-Raouf of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, who is part of
    the team.

    Associated Press
    A recently excavated statuette of a boy Pharaoh dating from the 4th or 5th century
    B.C.


    .

    Tuesday's dive explored the sprawling palace and
    temple complex where Cleopatra, the last of Egypt's Greek-speaking
    Ptolemaic rulers, seduced the Roman general Mark Antony before they
    committed suicide upon their defeat by Octavian, the future Roman
    Emperor Augustus.

    Dives have taken Goddio and his team to some of
    the key scenes in the dramatic lives of the couple, including the
    Timonium, commissioned by Antony after his defeat as a place where he
    could retreat from the world, though he killed himself before it was
    completed.

    They also found a colossal stone head believed
    to be of Caesarion, son of Cleopatra and previous lover Julius Caesar,
    and two sphinxes, one of them probably representing Cleopatra's father,
    Ptolemy XII.

    Divers photographed a section of the seabed
    cleared of sediment with a powerful suction device. Their flashlights
    glowing in the green murk, the divers photographed ruins from a temple
    to Isis near Cleopatra's palace on the submerged island of Antirhodos.

    Among the massive limestone blocks toppled in
    the fourth century was a huge quartzite block with an engraving of a
    pharaoh. An inscription indicates it depicts Seti I, father of Ramses
    II.




    Associated Press. Pottery
    excavated from the site. The team has discovered everything from coins
    and everyday objects to colossal granite statues of Egypt's rulers and
    sunken temples dedicated to their gods.


    Associated Press

    Pottery
    excavated from the site. The team has discovered everything from coins
    and everyday objects to colossal granite statues of Egypt's rulers and
    sunken temples dedicated to their gods.

    "We've found many pharaonic objects that were
    brought from Heliopolis, in what is now Cairo," said Abdel-Raouf. "So,
    the Ptolemaic rulers re-used pharonic objects to construct their
    buildings."

    On the boat's deck, researchers displayed some
    small recent finds: imported ceramics and local copies, a statuette of a
    pharaoh, bronze ritual vessels, amulets barely bigger than a
    fingernail, and small lead vessels tossed by the poor into the water or
    buried in the ground as devotions to gods.

    Alexandria's Eastern Harbor was abandoned after
    another earthquake, in the eighth century, and was left untouched as an
    open bay — apart from two 20th century breakwaters — while modern port
    construction went ahead in the Western Harbor. That has left the ancient
    Portus Magnus undisturbed below.

    "We have this as an open field for archaeology,"
    Goddio said.
    http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=127113983
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 31, 2010 11:54 am

    Human remains found at Da Vinci Code chapel


    EXCLUSIVE: Workmen find bones in Rosslyn Chapel during conservation
    work.



    By Graham Fraser

    Rosslyn Chapel: bones have been discovered. Pic: ©️
    STV
    Workers have discovered what are thought to be human remains at
    Rosslyn Chapel - the world-renowned religious site made famous by The
    Da Vinci Code
    .
    STV News can reveal the bones were discovered at the chapel in
    Midlothian by workers carrying out conservation work at the world-famous
    heritage centre.
    A spokesperson for Lothian and Borders Police confirmed the
    discovery, but said it was not being treated as a crime.
    The famous building, built in 1446, has long been linked with a role
    in the history of the Freemasons and the Knights Templar. Most notably,
    it has also suggested as the burial place of the Holy Grail – the cup
    used by Christ at The Last Supper – or even the resting place of the
    mummified head of Jesus Christ.
    Following the release of Dan Brown’s hit book The Da Vinci Code
    in 2003, the chapel was thrown into the worldwide spotlight. The work
    was then made into a film starring Tom Hanks, who filmed at the chapel
    for some scenes in the film. The Hollywood legend subsequently made a
    cash donation to the restoration and conservation of the chapel.
    The bones, which were found on February 19, have now been removed
    from the site to be examined by archaeologists to discover their age,
    type and if they are human or animal. They were discovered under a slab
    while a new heating system was being installed inside the chapel. There
    is no record of a burial site in this particular area of the chapel.
    Rosslyn Chapel has declined to comment on the discovery


    The chapel is in the midst of £13million conversation work which has
    been taking place since January 2009. It is to be completed in July this
    year.
    One of the groups carrying out the conservation is Hunter Clark,
    whose headquarters are in Glasgow’s Gallowgate. The company declined to
    comment about the discovery.
    The site is notable for its carvings, which cover nearly every inch
    of the structure. The most famous of these is the Apprentice Pillar. The
    pillar was said to be carved by an apprentice mason who was inspired by
    a dream. Once he saw the incredible work, the master mason went into a
    rage and killed the apprentice.Scottish symbologist Ashley Cowie has been researching the historical
    connection between the two over the last decade. He had come to the
    opinion that no such connection existed until recently being
    commissioned to study symbols on an auctioned painting.

    Dubbed as
    the real life Robert Langdon, Ashley made some interesting discoveries
    with this painting and his research made the basis for his book The
    Rosslyn Templar.


    “This picture was painted in 1836,” Cowie
    said. “It is a pastel painting of a Knight Templar standing in Rosslyn
    Chapel which makes us think that at least since then, people have
    believed there was a connection between the two.”

    The Knights
    Templar began when 118 nobles from France decided to group together and
    go on a crusade to the Holy Land. Legend has it that they dug underneath
    Solomon’s Temple and recovered great treasures such as the covenant and
    the grail.

    However, it was not until the group was abolished in
    the 1300s that the myths about them being an underground order and the
    keepers of great secrets began.

    The painting features a
    mysterious staircase, that does not exists in the Chapel today, leading
    underground. This interesting addition to the painting may be the key to
    unravelling the mystery of the Holy Grail.

    “One of the most
    important and endearing features in this painting is a staircase which
    leads down underneath the Chapel - there has been lots of speculation
    about what might rest underneath Rosslyn Chapel.

    “If indeed a
    room exists under Rosslyn Chapel that we don’t know about yet, it is a
    possibility that some form of treasure exists under Rosslyn.

    “The
    Holy Grail might even be there,” Ashley said. “I don’t think so myself
    but it is the fun that is raised through these sort of concepts by
    imagining the likes of the Holy Grail to be there.”

    01 March 2010 13:02 GMT









    160668


    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Fri Jun 04, 2010 11:51 am

    The Mystery of Malta's Long-Headed Skulls




    2010 06 03


    By Vittorio Di Cesare and Adriano Forgione |
    bibliotecapleyades.net





    In the megalithic temple of Hal Saflienti, in Malta, men with
    extraordinary cranial volume were buried. These skulls seem to belong to
    a strange human stock and if properly analyzed, could create an ideal
    link between the ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures and a race
    of sacerdotal men identified with the snake.

    We are back from a visit in Malta among the suite of Maurizia Giusti,
    alias Syusy Blady and the crew of her Italian national TV show,
    "Tourists by Chance". Together, we followed the traces of an ancient
    story that originated from the presence of megalithic temples dedicated
    to the Mother Goddess on the island, a thaumaturgic figure, adored in
    pre-historical times of this island that was to become an important cult
    center. The coverage gave us the possibility to try to resolve a
    mystery of interesting implications. It was known that until 1985 a
    number of skulls, found in pre-historic Maltese temples at Taxien,
    Ggantja and Hal Saflienti, were exposed in the Archeological Museum of
    the Valletta. But since a few years ago, these were removed and placed
    in the deposits.

    From then, they were not to be seen by the public. Only the photographs
    taken by the Maltese researcher Dr. Anton Mifsud and his colleague, Dr.
    Charles Savona Ventura, remained to testify the existence of the skulls
    and prove…their abnormality. Books written by the two Maltese doctors,
    who since our first day in Malta helpfully provided us the necessary
    documentation for our research, illustrate a collection of skulls that
    show peculiar abnormalities and/or pathologies. Sometimes inexistent
    cranial knitting lines, abnormally developed temporal partitions,
    drilled and swollen occiputs as following recovered traumas, but above
    all, a strange, lengthened skull, bigger and more peculiar than the
    others, lacking of the median knitting. The presence of this finding
    leads to a number of possible hypotheses. The similitude with other
    similar skulls, from Egypt to South America, the particular deformity, unique in
    the panorama of medical pathology referred to such distant times, (we
    are talking about approximately 3000 BC) could be an exceptional
    discovery. Was that skull a result ancient genetic mutation between
    different races that lived on that island?

    The Dolichocephalous Skulls
    A request to the museum's management by the show's
    producers to see and film the exhibits would have certainly failed if it
    weren't for the intercession of the minister of tourism, Michael
    Refalo, whom we met at the end of a press conference hosted by Maurizia
    Giusti (and of course, us of HERA) organized by Dr. Robert Zammit, of
    the Maltese Provincial Tourism Board. The minister, whose interest in
    the matter we enhanced, accompanied us personally to the nearby museum,
    snatching the director's permission to bring out those mysterious
    craniums, conserved far from the sight of curious onlookers and
    researchers since about 15 years. A couple of days later, in fact,
    guided by the museum's authorities, we were received in a reserved area,
    closed to public, where the extraordinary exhibits were brought, before
    our eyes, under the supervision and gentle accessibility of the
    museum's archeologist, Mark Anthony Mifsud, almost homonymous of the
    previous researcher.

    The skulls were all found in the Hal Saflienti hypogeum, where a sacred
    well was dedicated to the Mother Goddess and where also the small statue
    of a sleeping goddess was found, associated to a relic with a snake
    inscription on it. The skulls were brought out of their box one at a
    time. Among these, all very interesting, was the one we were looking
    for. The cranium showed a very pronounced dolichocephalous, in other
    words, a lengthened posterior part of the skullcap, besides the lack of
    median knitting, technically named "sagitta". This last detail has been
    considered "impossible" by medics and anatomists to whom we turned, not
    having (as far as known) analogous pathological cases in international
    medical literature. It is a characteristic that emphasizes the anomaly
    of this finding with the result of producing a natural lengthening of
    the cranium in the occipital area (not due to bandaging or boards as
    used in pre-Colombian civilizations). We believe that the discovery of
    this skull and the like at Hal Saflienti isn't accidental.

    The Priests of the Goddess
    Malta and Gozo were very important centers since
    pre-historic times, places where "medical cures" were conducted, oracles
    and ritual encounters with the priests of the goddess. There, on both
    the islands, existed many sanctuaries and thaumaturgic centers, where
    priests surrounded the healing goddess, direct expression of her
    divinity. It is well known that, in antiquity, the serpent was
    associated to the goddess and to healing capacities. The snake also
    belongs to the subterranean world. Therefore, a hypogeum dedicated to
    the goddess and the water cult was the right place for a sacerdotal
    group that was defined, in all the most ancient cultures, as the
    "serpent priests".

    Perhaps the skulls found in the hypogeum and examined during our visit
    to Malta, belonged indeed to these priests. As mentioned before, they
    present an accentuated dolichocephalous, which is particularly the
    center of our analysis. The long head and drawn features must have given
    a serpent-like appearance, stretching the eyes and skin. Lacking the
    lower part of the exhibit, we can only speculate, but the hypothesis
    can't be far from reality, a reality worsened buy the fact that such
    deformities certainly created walking problems, forcing him…to slither!
    The lack of the cranium's median knitting and therefore, the
    impossibility of the brain's consistent, radial expansion in the
    skullcap, did so that it developed in the occipital zone of the
    cerebellum, deforming the cranium that looked like a single cap from the
    frontal and occipital area. This must have certainly caused the man
    terrible agony since infancy, but probably enhanced visions that were
    considered as being proof of a bond with the goddess.

    Another race
    Even the other skulls we examined presented strange anomalies. Some were
    more natural and harmonic than the cranium that mostly gained our
    attention, but they still presented a pronounced natural
    dolichocephalous and we could assume, without fear of refutation, that
    it is distinctive of an actual race, different to the native populations
    of Malta and Gozo. This consideration was confirmed by the Maltese
    archeologists themselves, Anthony Buonanno and Mark Anthony Mifsud, who
    said:<blockquote>"They are another race
    although C-14 or DNA exams haven't yet been performed. Perhaps these
    individuals originated from Sicily".
    </blockquote>By Vittorio Di Cesare and Adriano Forgione HERA
    magazine, Rome, Italy and Andrew Collins


    Read the rest of the article here


    All over the world elongated skulls have been found. Some of the
    Pharoahs of Egypt had very elongated skulls. For example Ramases II and
    most surprisingly Nefertiti. There are many theories of why these people
    had skulls like this. One normal explanation for the imagery of
    elongated skulls is that it was a certain style of art work, Amarna Art.

    Malta was very likely to be an important place in the old days. After
    all it had many very old temples. There are reports of the "Serpant
    race" or Snake Priests being in charge. The idea that esoteric knowledge
    would be kept in a "race" or class of people is not surprising, after
    all the Jews have their own Priest Tribe, the Celtics had the Druids
    etc.

    <blockquote>Acts 28
    1. And having been saved, then they knew that the island is called
    Melita (Malta),
    2. and the foreigners were shewing us no ordinary kindness, for having
    kindled a fire, they received us all, because of the pressing rain, and
    because of the cold;
    3. but Paul having gathered together a quantity of sticks, and having
    laid [them] upon the fire, a viper -- out of the heat having come -- did
    fasten on his hand.
    4. And when the foreigners saw the beast hanging from his hand, they
    said unto one another, `Certainly this man is a murderer, whom, having
    been saved out of the sea, the justice did not suffer to live;'
    5. he then, indeed, having shaken off the beast into the fire, suffered
    no evil,
    6. and they were expecting him to be about to be inflamed, or to fall
    down suddenly dead, and they, expecting [it] a long time, and seeing
    nothing uncommon happening to him, changing [their] minds, said he was a
    god.
    </blockquote>This sound like a
    straight forward account of a man being bitten by a snake but the
    problem is that Malta has no and has very likely never had poisonus
    snakes.

    The bible deals in lots of stories with images and parables. Was this
    such an example? Was Paul attacked or attacking the local belief system
    when he came to the island, was he in conflict with the Serpent Priests?

    Is there any evidence of the "Serpent Priests" on Malta and are they
    connected to the other ancient civilisations and Priest/God races, for
    example the Egyptians?

    From: everythingselectric.com
    avatar
    Nebula

    Posts : 448
    Join date : 2010-04-10
    Location : Terra

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  Nebula on Mon Jun 07, 2010 10:36 pm

    I like this thread. cheers
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Tue Jun 08, 2010 11:58 am

    Nebula wrote:I like this thread. cheers

    TA ME TOO LOL
    avatar
    spiritwarrior

    Posts : 458
    Join date : 2010-04-10

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon Jul 26, 2010 4:13 pm

    Sister monument to Stonehenge may have been found


    Scientists scouring the area
    around Stonehenge said Thursday they have uncovered a circular structure
    only a few hundred meters (yards) from the world famous monument.

    There’s some debate about what exactly has been found. The survey team
    which uncovered the structure said it could be the foundation for a
    circle of freestanding pieces of timber, a wooden version of Stonehenge.

    Wooden circle found new Stonehenge
    <embed src='http://www.redicecreations.com/radio/player/player-viral.swf' height='346' width='560' allowscriptaccess='always' allowfullscreen='true' flashvars='&file=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DQiBFWXpHCkA&image=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.redicecreations.com%2Fimg%2Fyoutubecover.jpg&plugins=viral-2d&skin=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.redicecreations.com%2Fradio%2Fplayer%2Faudioskin%2Fstylish_slim.swf'/>

    But Tim Darvill, a professor of
    archaeology at Bournemouth University in southern England, expressed
    skepticism, saying he believed it was more likely a barrow, or
    prehistoric tomb.

    Darvill did say that the circle was one of an expanding number of
    discoveries being made around Stonehenge which "really shows how much
    there is still to learn and how extensive the site really was."


    The
    team involved in the new find at Stonehenge from left, archeologist
    Eamonn Baldwin, University of Birmingham with archeological geophysicist
    Dr Chris Gaffney of University of Bradford with Professor Wolfgang
    Neubauer, director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological
    Prospection and Virtual Archaeology in Vienna; near Stonehenge, near the
    city of Salisbury, Britain. British archeologists working near
    Stonehenge have discovered a ’timber equivalent’ of the world-renowned
    prehistoric monument. The scientists found a circular ditch containing
    deep pits about 900 metres away from the giant stones. EPA/UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

    "In its day Stonehenge was at the centre of the largest ceremonial centre in Europe," he said.

    The stonehenge that is visible today is thought to have been completed
    about 3,500 years ago, although the first earthwork henge on the site
    was probably built more than 5,000 yeas ago.

    Although antiquarians have been poking around the area since the 18th
    century, excavations are now tightly restricted. So archeologists have
    been scanning the surrounding fields and pastures with magnetic and
    radar sensors pulled across the grass by tractors or quad bikes.

    The new structure was found when scans identified a cluster of deep pits
    surrounded by a ring of smaller holes about 900 metres (a little over
    half a mile) from Stonehenge and within sight of its famous standing
    stones.

    University of Birmingham archaeologist Henry Chapman said he was
    convinced the small holes were used to secure a circle of wooden poles
    which stood "possibly three or more meters (10 or more feet) high."

    The timber henge — a name given to prehistoric monuments surrounded by a
    circular ditch — would have been constructed and modified at the same
    time as its more famous relative, and probably had some allied
    ceremonial or religious function, Chapman said in a telephone interview
    from Stonehenge.

    Exactly what kind of ceremonies those were is unclear. The new henge
    joins a growing complex of tombs and mysterious Neolithic structures
    found across the area.

    The closest equivalent is probably the nearby Woodhenge, a monument once
    composed of six rings of wooden posts enclosed by an earth embankment.
    Excavations there in the 1970s revealed the body of child whose skull
    had been split buried at the centre of the henge — hinting at the
    possibility of human sacrifice.

    A stone’s throw from the newly found henge is a formation known as the
    Cursus, a 3-kilometre-long (1.8-mile-long) earthwork whose purpose
    remains unknown. Also nearby is a puzzling chunk of land known as the
    Northern Kite Enclosure; Bronze Age farmers seem to have avoided
    cultivating crops there, although no one is sure quite why.

    The whole area around Stonehenge is dotted with prehistoric cemeteries —
    some of which predate the monument itself — and new discoveries are
    made occasionally.

    Last year, researchers said they had found a small circle of stones on
    the banks of the nearby River Avon. Experts speculated the stone circle —
    dubbed "Bluehenge" because it was built with bluestones — may have
    served as the starting point of a processional walk that began at the
    river and ended at Stonehenge.

    Chapman’s team is still in the early stages of its work, having surveyed
    only about four square kilometres (1.5 square miles) of the 16 square
    kilometres (six square miles) it eventually plans to map.

    The survey is being led by the University of Birmingham and the
    Austria-based Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection
    and Virtual Archaeology, with support from other institutions and
    researchers from Germany, Norway and Sweden.

    Henges of various descriptions exist throughout Britain — from the
    Standing Stones o’ Stenness on the northern island of Orkney to the
    Maumbury Rings in southern England county of Dorset.

    Stonehenge, a World Heritage Site, remains the best-known.


    Article from:http://www.redicecreations.com
    avatar
    mudra

    Posts : 18429
    Join date : 2010-04-09
    Age : 62
    Location : belgium

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  mudra on Mon Oct 18, 2010 4:44 am

    avatar
    Mercuriel
    Admin
    Admin

    Posts : 3447
    Join date : 2010-04-07
    Age : 51
    Location : Walking the Path...

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  Mercuriel on Mon Oct 18, 2010 9:50 am

    This Info is not so recent as more unknown so here It is for You All My Brethren. Some may already know this so I place it here so that if others may have been unawares - They will not be afterwards...

    Gilgal Repha'im - The Stonehenge before Stonehenge.

    Harp


    _________________
    Namaste...

    Peace, Light, Love, Harmony and Unity...
    avatar
    mudra

    Posts : 18429
    Join date : 2010-04-09
    Age : 62
    Location : belgium

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  mudra on Wed Oct 20, 2010 5:23 pm

    Dead Sea Scrolls to be made available online

    October 19, 2010|By Kevin Flower, CNN


    In an ambitious application of 21st century technology brought to bear on a first century wonder, the Israel Antiquities Authority and internet search giant Google Tuesday announced a plan to digitize the Dead Sea Scrolls and make the entire collection available to the public online.

    Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) General Director Shuka Dorfman called the project a milestone that would enhance the field of biblical studies and people's understanding of Judaism and early Christianity.

    "We have succeeded in recruiting the best minds and technological means to preserve this unrivalled cultural heritage treasure, which belongs to all of us, so that the public, with a click of the mouse, will be able to access history in its fullest glamour," Dorfman said.


    Made up of 30,000 fragments from 900 manuscripts, the Dead Sea Scrolls are considered by many historians to be one of the most important archaeological finds ever made.

    The ancient manuscripts, made of leather, papyrus, and copper, were first discovered in 1947 by a nomadic shepherd in a cave near the Dead Sea. In the years following, more scroll fragments were located.

    Dating back more than 2,000 years, the scrolls reveal details about the development of Judaism during the Hellenistic period and shed light on the relationship between early Christian and Jewish religious traditions.

    The project will employ the latest in spectral and infrared imaging technology to scan the thousands of scroll fragments into one large database.

    read more : http://articles.cnn.com/2010-10-19/tech/dead.sea.scrolls.google_1_scroll-fragments-dead-sea-scrolls-israel-antiquities-authority?_s=PM:TECH

    Love Always
    mudra
    avatar
    mudra

    Posts : 18429
    Join date : 2010-04-09
    Age : 62
    Location : belgium

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  mudra on Sat Dec 18, 2010 5:58 am

    Mysterious Pyramid Baffles Chinese Scientists

    http://www.weirdasianews.com/2010/12/13/mysterious-pyramid-baffles-chinese-scientists/

    No one seems to know the origin or the meaning behind a mysterious pyramid that sits atop Mount Baigong in western China that local legends claim is an alien UFO launch tower.

    Nine scientists form the team that will travel to the western province of Qinghai and the mouth of this 165-198 foot tall structure known as the “ET Relics.”

    “The pyramid has three caves with openings shaped like triangles on its façade and is filled with red-hued pipes leading into the mountain and a nearby salt water lake,” says China’s state-run Xinhua agency.



    To add to the mystery, iron debris and unusually shaped stones are scattered about the desolate area.

    “The theory that the pyramid was created by extra terrestrials is “understandable and worth looking into…but scientific means must be employed to prove whether or not it is true,” says Yang Ji, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.



    The site in question with its high altitude and thin, crisp air has long been considered an ideal astronomical location. Two of the three caves at the foot of the mountain have collapsed and are inaccessible. The remaining middle one, which is the largest, stands with its floor about 6 feet above the ground and its top about 9 feet above the surface.

    Inside the cave, there is s a half-pipe about 40 centimeters in diameter tilting from the top to the inside of the cave. Another pipe of the same diameter goes into the earth with only its top visible above the ground. Dozens of strange pipes surround the opening with diameters ranging from 10 to 40 centimeters. Their structures indicate a highly advanced and completely unknown construction technique.



    On the beach at nearby Toson Lake, many strangely-shaped iron pipes lay amid the sands and rocks. They run in the east-west direction with a diameter between 2 and 4.5 centimeters. Even more bizarre is the discovery of pipes in the lake itself, some reaching above the surface and others buried below, with similar shapes and thickness as those found on the beach.

    Pyramids of China. Pyramids around the world

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZmb6m6lbmc&feature=player_embedded


    Love Always
    mudra
    avatar
    mudra

    Posts : 18429
    Join date : 2010-04-09
    Age : 62
    Location : belgium

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  mudra on Tue Dec 28, 2010 12:34 pm

    Ancient human remains found in Israel
    Mon Dec 27 2010
    ,
    http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/ml_israel_ancient_teeth

    Professor Avi Gopher from the Institute of Archeology of Tel Aviv University holds an ancient tooth that was found at an archeological site near Rosh AP – Professor Avi Gopher from the Institute of Archeology of Tel Aviv University holds an ancient tooth that …

    Israeli archaeologists said Monday they may have found the earliest evidence yet for the existence of modern man, and if so, it could upset theories of the origin of humans.

    A Tel Aviv University team excavating a cave in central Israel said teeth found in the cave are about 400,000 years old and resemble those of other remains of modern man, known scientifically as Homo sapiens, found in Israel. The earliest Homo sapiens remains found until now are half as old.



    "It's very exciting to come to this conclusion," said archaeologist Avi Gopher, whose team examined the teeth with X-rays and CT scans and dated them according to the layers of earth where they were found.

    He stressed that further research is needed to solidify the claim. If it does, he says, "this changes the whole picture of evolution."

    [Related: Chinese archaeologists discover 2,400 year old soup]

    The accepted scientific theory is that Homo sapiens originated in Africa and migrated out of the continent. Gopher said if the remains are definitively linked to modern human's ancestors, it could mean that modern man in fact originated in what is now Israel.

    Sir Paul Mellars, a prehistory expert at Cambridge University, said the study is reputable, and the find is "important" because remains from that critical time period are scarce, but it is premature to say the remains are human.

    "Based on the evidence they've cited, it's a very tenuous and frankly rather remote possibility," Mellars said. He said the remains are more likely related to modern man's ancient relatives, the Neanderthals.

    According to today's accepted scientific theories, modern humans and Neanderthals stemmed from a common ancestor who lived in Africa about 700,000 years ago. One group of descendants migrated to Europe and developed into Neanderthals, later becoming extinct. Another group stayed in Africa and evolved into Homo sapiens — modern humans.

    [Related: Ancient human relative roamed all of Asia]

    Teeth are often unreliable indicators of origin, and analyses of skull remains would more definitively identify the species found in the Israeli cave, Mellars said.

    Gopher, the Israeli archaeologist, said he is confident his team will find skulls and bones as they continue their dig.

    The prehistoric Qesem cave was discovered in 2000, and excavations began in 2004. Researchers Gopher, Ran Barkai and Israel Hershkowitz published their study in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

    Love Always
    mudra
    avatar
    mudra

    Posts : 18429
    Join date : 2010-04-09
    Age : 62
    Location : belgium

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  mudra on Tue Jan 25, 2011 9:17 am

    Builders stumble across ice age 'graveyard' filled with fossilised remains of dozens of huge animals

    24th January 2011

    Building contractors have unearthed an ice age graveyard containing the fossilised remains of dozens of giant animals that died up to 150,000 years ago.

    Mammoths, mastodons and a giant ground sloth were all discovered at the bottom of a drained reservoir near the Aspen ski resort in Colorado's Rocky Mountains.

    The remains are thought to be one of the largest collections of animals from the last ice age to be found in one place, reported the Daily Telegraph.
    Discovery: Building contractors unearthed an ice age graveyard in Colorado's Rocky Mountains containing the fossilised remains of dozens of giant animals that died up to 150,000 years ago

    Discovery: Building contractors unearthed an ice age graveyard in Colorado's Rocky Mountains containing the fossilised remains of dozens of giant animals that died up to 150,000 years ago

    They were found in sediment in October by contractors preparing to build a new dam at the reservoir near Snowmass Village, which is located on a plateau some 8,870ft above sea level.

    Palaeontologists have since found more than 600 bones from 25 different animals from seven different species beneath the reservoir's bed.

    Heavy snow has forced them to call off their search until the spring, but they fully expect to find more fossils when they return.

    Their haul so far still makes for impressive reading - ten American mastodons; four Columbian mammoths; four ice age bison; a Jefferson's ground sloth, an ice age deer and a tiger salamander have all been identified.
    Standing on the verge: Scientists excavate a large mastodon tusk at the Ziegler Reservoir site. Heavy snow has forced them to postpone their work until the spring

    Standing on the verge: Scientists excavate a large mastodon tusk at the Ziegler Reservoir site. Heavy snow has forced them to postpone their work until the spring

    Lead scientist Dr Kirk Johnson, from the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, told the Telegraph: 'It is an amazing site and is very unusual.

    'It is a true treasure trove of ice age fossils.

    'Many fossils are pristine as they have been very well preserved. Some of the bones we recovered are still white while we are finding leaves that are still green and tree branches with the bark still on.'

    The researchers believe the discovery will enhance our understanding of the prehistoric environment.

    As these fossils were found beneath a lake, small invertebrates including fossilised insects and plant matter have been preserved.
    Geologists examine an exposure of sediments. The researchers believe the discovery will enhance our understanding of the prehistoric environment

    Geologists examine an exposure of sediments. The researchers believe the discovery will enhance our understanding of the prehistoric environment

    Scientists believe that so many remains were found there because animals had gravitated towards the lake to drink water.

    Other ice age fossil sites have tended to be on the sites of former tar pits, where trapped animals died.

    Dr Johnson said: 'Mammoths and mastodons are hardly ever found together on a single site as they lived in very different environments, so here we must have seen a change in the ecosystem around the lake.

    'We are seeing two distinct ice age environments - the first was when the lake was fairly deep and had a lot of open water... but then later it seems to have become a marsh and it is in the sediment from this period that we are finding the mammoths.

    'It shows this was far from being a frozen ice covered wasteland.'

    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1350085/Builders-stumble-ice-age-graveyard-filled-huge-fossils.html#ixzz1C3oA46sd

    Love Always
    mudra

    Sponsored content

    Re: recent archaeological discoveries

    Post  Sponsored content


      Current date/time is Fri Oct 20, 2017 7:33 am