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    The Experiment

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    mudra

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    The Experiment

    Post  mudra on Sat May 24, 2014 3:11 pm



    The Experiment

    In 1982 a remarkable event took place. At the University of Paris a research team led by physicist Alain Aspect performed what may turn out to be one of the most important experiments of the 20th century. You did not hear about it on the evening news. In fact, unless you are in the habit of reading scientific journals you probably have never even heard Aspect’s name, though there are some who believe his discovery may change the face of science.Aspect’s experiment is related to the EPR Experiment, a consicousness experiment which had been devised by Albert Einstein, and his colleagues,Poldlsky and Rosen, in order to disprove Quantum Mechanics on the basis of the Pauli Exclusion Principle contradicting Special Relativity.

    Aspect and his team discovered that under certain circumstances subatomic particles such as electrons are able to instantaneously communicatewith each other regardless of the distance separating them. It doesn’t matter whether they are 10 feet or 10 billion miles apart.

    Somehow each particle always seems to know what the other is doing. The problem with this feat is that it violates Einstein’s long-held tenet that no communication can travel faster than the speed of light. Since traveling faster than the speed of light is tantamount to breaking the time barrier, this daunting prospect has caused some physicists to try to come up with elaborate ways to explain away Aspect’s findings. But it has inspired others to offer even more radical explanations.

    University of London physicist David Bohm, for example, believes Aspect’s findings imply that objective reality does not exist, that despite its apparent solidity the universe is at heart a phantasm, a gigantic and splendidly detailed hologram.

    Read on: http://www.holographic-disclosure.com/the-experiment/
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    mudra

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    Re: The Experiment

    Post  mudra on Fri Aug 01, 2014 1:23 pm

    Pigeon paradox reveals quantum cosmic connections
    30 July 2014

    A thought experiment involving a paradox of pigeons shows a new kind of quantum link that could be happening everywhere in the cosmos, all the time

    PARTICLES on opposite ends of the universe can link quantum mechanical hands. The phenomenon hints at an entirely new aspect of the quantum reality underlying all matter.

    The effect is a sort of inversion of one of the most famous and profound quantum properties, called entanglement. Two entangled particles share a single quantum state: they behave as one and cannot be described individually. Measuring one instantaneously affects the other, no matter how far apart they become, an oddity that prompted Einstein to describe entanglement as "spooky action at a distance".

    However, for this to happen the particles must have interacted in some way when they came into existence, which may mean only a small fraction of the particles in the universe are entangled at any given time. Cosmic connections make no such demands. "They have no interaction, they have no idea that the other particle even existed," says Jeff Tollaksen of Chapman University in Orange, California.

    The effect is based on work by Yakir Aharonov, also at Chapman University, in the 1960s. He and his colleagues showed that, mathematically speaking, a system's properties can be influenced by measurements made in the future. Aharonov has been studying the strange consequences of this "post-selection" process ever since.

    Now Aharonov, Tollaksen, Sandu Popescu and their colleagues show mathematically that post-selection should link any two particles every time their quantum properties are measured, no matter where they are in the universe. In other words, all particles everywhere could be linked, provided they have been post-selected in some way. "Is that mind-blowing or is that mind-blowing?" Tollaksen says.

    Knowing that such an extraordinary claim would need to be backed up, the researchers devised a thought experiment to demonstrate the simplest case in which a cosmic correlation between two particles would be obvious and testable. The thought experiment, which the team calls the "quantum pigeonhole effect", reveals how quantum particles subvert the rules of regular mathematics.

    Imagine you have to house three pigeons in two pigeonholes. In the classical world, it's obvious that at least two pigeons will have to share.
    Swap your pigeons

    But for quantum particles, this is not necessarily true. Swap your pigeons for electrons, and send them three at a time into an interferometer. This device splits each electron into two, sends them along both paths simultaneously, then brings them together again.

    Then "post-select" some of the electrons to influence their past state. You do this by measuring the electrons' states when they exit the interferometer, selecting electrons in a particular state that is significantly different to the one they had when they entered. That should create quantum links between those electrons, Tollaksen says (see diagram).

    To show the links are really there, you need to know what the electrons are doing inside the device. Another quantum effect, called superposition, means that each electron takes both paths at once. If any two of the three electrons share one arm, which must happen classically, their identical electrical charges will repel one another, deflecting their trajectories ever so slightly. That deflection should be detectable when the electrons exit the interferometer.

    read on: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22329802.300-pigeon-paradox-reveals-quantum-cosmic-connections.html?full=true#.U9va1Ejq-1I

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